type alias Id = ProcessId
A light-weight process that runs concurrently. You can use spawn to get a bunch of different tasks running in different processes. The Elm runtime will interleave their progress. So if a task is taking too long, we will pause it at an andThen and switch over to other stuff.
Note: We make a distinction between concurrency which means interleaving different sequences and parallelism which means running different sequences at the exact same time. Even though JS runs within a single OS-level thread, Elm can still run things concurrently.
spawn : Task x a -> Task y Id
Run a task in its own light-weight process. In the following example, task1 and task2 will be interleaved. If task1 makes a long HTTP request or is just taking a long time, we can hop over to task2 and do some work there.
spawn task1 |> Task.andThen (\_ -> spawn task2)
Note: This creates a relatively restricted kind of Process because it cannot receive any messages.
sleep : Time -> Task x ()
kill : Id -> Task x ()
Sometimes you spawn a process, but later decide it would be a waste to have it keep running and doing stuff. The kill function will force a process to bail on whatever task it is running. So if there is an HTTP request in flight, it will also abort the request.